This activity allows students to explore the idea of ways that, over long periods of time, animals have adapted to the ecosystem in which they live. It begins with a review of the basic needs of living things, and ways various animals meet those needs. After sharing the birds students see around their homes, students will view photos of various birds in their habitats, noting differing characteristics and discussing reasons for these differences. Next students will choose a habitat and invent an imaginary bird well adapted to live in that habitat. They will draw or sculpt the bird and its habitat. Students will share their finished products and explain why each adaptation helps the bird survive in its habitat. If time and space allows, students will walk quietly outdoors to notice the birds they see and/or hear. 1-2 hours.